Plato’s Republic, which begins with a discussion of justice, develops into a conversation about awakening to all that is real. It is about self-transformation, which is most evident in the famous allegory of the cave. The purpose of this essay is to articulate and explain the transformation of the philosopher and consider its application to you in this time and place.
In the first part of the essay, about two thirds of the project overall, describe the prisoner’s awakening and ascent out of the cave of ignorance, through the world of opinion, and finally to the heights of knowledge. This will require your explaining the distinction between opinion and knowledge. This should take approximately two thirds of the paper. Though you should begin with the cave, you may use any of the material in Books V-VII after that to explain the difference between opinion and knowledge.
Now, while the prisoner must turn to the ‘light’, Socrates is also adamant that the prisoner must also grow accustomed to the dark, i.e., not remain solely in theory. Therefore, in the final third of the essay, consider this distinction as it applies to you and your life, especially in this time of the coronavirus pandemic. In what way does it change how you think about the world? How might it inform your decisions or choices? Will it affect the way you behave in the future?
Format: 1500 words; 12 point, Times New Roman Font; Double Space; No Name
Instructions: Introduction and conclusion; quote text with marginal notations; no works cited or bibliography; check spelling and grammar.
Criteria for Evaluation: Your paper will be evaluated on the bases of (1) faithfulness to and insight about the argument; (2) attention to and explanation of relevant passages in the text; (3) clarity and philosophical relevance of your section on application